The Galilee: a highly fertile and agricultural region of Israel with rain a distinctive feature
Fact Sheet: Israel’s Periphery
These underdeveloped and resource-starved regions comprise 75% of Israel’s landmass, yet only 30% of Israel’s population lives in those areas. Lack of job opportunities and poor public transportation has had the effect of turning these areas into a socio-economic periphery as well as a geographic one. Both regions lag far behind the center of the country in terms of education, standard of living and economic growth.
Why aren’t more Israelis moving to these areas?
At a 2009 Israel’s National Planning and Building Council session, participants said the failure to attract new people to the North and South had to do with whether the areas were viewed as attractive, not with housing availability.
What are the social problems in the periphery?
The figures on poverty in Israel point to growing inequality between the country’s center and the periphery. Poverty levels continue to hit 29% of families in the North vs. 20% nationwide. Regional family income in the north is only 74% of the national average (Milken Institute) In 2003, the yearly average wage in the Negev district of Beersheba was 88% of the average wage in Israel, and in Ashkelon only 79.3%.
But things are getting better.
Here are some of the ways JFNA is helping.
Compiled by The Jewish Federations of North America for the 2010 CCD Mission.